Hyperpigmentation 101

What is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is condition in which patches of skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, forms deposits in the skin.

There are different types of hyperpigmentation. There is UV induced hyperpigmentation which comes from over exposure to the sun, tanning beds, and fluorescent or ambient light.

Hormonally induced hyperpigmentation occurs secondary to hormonal fluctuations. This includes pregnancy, oral contraceptives, thyroid issues, and menopause.

The most common is post-inflammatory induced hyperpigmentation. This usually comes from acne scars. So be careful when bursting those pimples!

How do I get rid of Hyperpigmentation?

Prevention!

Don’t pop those pimples! Dry them out with a drying lotion or hydrogen peroxide.

Exfoliation!

Pigment seems darker when it’s sits closer to the skin’s surface. Gentle exfoliation helps to speed up cell turnover to remove hyperpigmented cells faster. It will also allow for products to penetrate into the skin.

Serums and Creams

Look for products with the following ingredients!

  1. Kojic Acid

  2. Arbutin

  3. Vitamin A

  4. AHA's (Glycolic Acid)

  5. Vitamin C

Sunscreen!

UV rays penetrate the layers to the skins and darken those spots. Sunscreen helps to block those UV rays. Also, melanocytes have a great memory! As stated above, our melanocytes are responsible for our pigment. They remember when the weather gets warmer and the sun hits your skin they are suppose to get darker. This also goes for those dark spots. Even warm air will trigger those melanocytes to get darker!

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